Sunday, March 15, 2009

History of Sufism In India

A History of Sufism in India, Vol. II: From Sixteenth Century to Modern Century/Saiyid Athar Abbas Rizvi. Reprint. New Delhi, Munshiram Manoharlal, 1992, xii, 535 p., ISBN 81-215-0040-0.
Contents: Introduction. 1. An outline of Ibn Arabi’s mystical ideas. 2. The Qadiriyyas. 3. The Shattariyya silsila. 4. The Naqshbandiyya order. 5. The Chishtiyya. 6. Indian Sufis and the medieval Islamic world. 7. The Sufi conception of kingship and government. 8. The Sufi response to Hinduism. 9. Sufi poets of the regional languages of the subcontinent. Conclusion. Appendices: 1. Majzubs. 2. Female Sufis. 3. The letters of he Mujaddid’s descendants to Aurangzib, his family members and nobles. Bibliography. Index.

"The first volume of the History of Sufism in India outlined the history of Sufism before it was firmly established in India and then went on to discuss the principal trends in sufi development in that country from the thirteenth to the beginning of the sixteenth century. Naturally it laid great emphasis on the Chishtiyya, Suhrawardiyya, Firdausiyya and Kubrawiyya orders, but the contributions made by Qalandars and legendary and semi-legendary saints were also discussed. The interaction of medieval Hindu mystic traditions and Sufism formed a significant chapter in that book.
"The present volume starts with a brief discussion of the mystical philosophy of Ibn ‘Arabi, which played a pivotal role in the development of sufic thought and practices in India, as it did in other Islamic countries. The work then deals with the Qadiriyya, Shattariyya, Naqshbandiyya and the Chishtiyya orders. It also analyses the role of Indian Sufis in the wider Islamic world, as well as sufi perception of politics and Hinduism."

Naqshbandi Sufi Brij Mohan Lal

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