Saturday, January 30, 2010

The Universal Sufism Movement

Universal Sufism is a universalist spiritual movement founded by Hazrat Inayat Khan while traveling throughout the West between 1910 and 1926, based on unity of all people and religions and the presence of spiritual guidance in all people, places and things. A form of Sufism, and a branch of the Chishti order, it has its roots in the traditional framework of Islam but does not exist within it[1] and is characterised by respect for other devotional more


Hazrat Inayat Khan

[Yusufali 24:41] Seest thou not that it is Allah Whose praises all beings in the heavens and on earth do celebrate, and the birds (of the air) with wings outspread? Each one knows its own (mode of) prayer and praise. And Allah knows well all that they do
the quran:an noor(the light)

Hazrat Inayat Khan

"I read the lives of the founders, the prophets, the seers, with as much reverence as their most devout adherents. This brought me the bliss of realization of the One truth which all religions contain as different vessels may yet hold the same wine. The different messengers most wondrously, by their very diversity of civilization, nationality and age, revealed the One source of inspiration. A human being, not generally understanding this and owing to blind dogmatic faith, has always clung to the originator of his or her own faith and ignored the new prophet. Not recognizing the manifold aspects of truth, thus all the racial and religious prejudices!"

"For Sri Aurobindo's part, he always spoke highly of Prophet Muhammad and of Sufism, and Hazrat Inayat Khan was actually friends with the Mother during her days as a saloniere in Paris. In fact Sri Aurobindo wrote to one of his Muslim devotees to tell him that he had no problems with him using Islamic symbolism or practicing Sufi yogas -- the only reason he himself used Hindu symbolism was because he knew Sanskrit and did not know Persian or Arabic"

Thursday, January 28, 2010

The Yogic Methods Of Naqshbandi Sufi Order

'Abdul Khaliq al-Ghujdawani coined the following phrases which are now considered the principles of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order:

Conscious Breathing ("Hosh dar dam")
Hosh means "mind." Dar means "in." Dam means "breath." It means, according to Abdul Khaliq al-Ghujdawani (q), that

"the wise seeker must safeguard his breath from heedlessness, coming in and going out, thereby keeping his heart always in the Divine Presence; and he must revive his breath with worship and servitude and dispatch this worship to His Lord full of life, for every breath which is inhaled and exhaled with Presence is alive and connected with the Divine Presence. Every breath inhaled and exhaled with heedlessness is dead, disconnected from the Divine Presence."

Ubaidullah al-Ahrar (q) said, "The most important mission for the seeker in this Order is to safeguard his breath, and he who cannot safeguard his breath, it would be said of him, 'he lost himself.'"

Shah Naqshband (q) said, "This Order is built on breath. So it is a must for everyone to safeguard his breath in the time of his inhalation and exhalation and further, to safeguard his breath in the interval between the inhalation and exhalation."

Shaikh Abul Janab Najmuddin al-Kubra said in his book, Fawatih al-Jamal, "Dhikr is flowing in the body of every single living creatures by the necessity of their breath -- even without will -- as a sign of obedience, which is part of their creation. Through their breathing, the sound of the letter "Ha" of the Divine Name Allah is made with every exhalation and inhalation and it is a sign of the Unseen Essence serving to emphasize the Uniqueness of God. Therefore it is necessary to be present with that breathing, in order to realize the Essence of the Creator."

The name 'Allah' which encompasses the ninety-nine Names and Attributes consists of four letters, Alif, Lam, Lam and the same Hah (ALLAH). The people of Sufism say that the absolute unseen Essence of Allah Exalted and Almighty is expressed by the last letter vowelized by the Alif, "Ha." It represents the Absolutely Unseen "He-ness" of the Exalted God (Ghayb al-Huwiyya al-Mutlaqa lillah 'azza wa jall). The first Lam is for the sake of identification (tacrif) and the second Lam is for the sake of emphasis (mubalagha).

Safeguarding your breath from heedlessness will lead you to complete Presence, and complete Presence will lead you to complete Vision, and complete Vision will lead you to complete Manifestation of Allah's Ninety-Nine Names and Attributes. Allah leads you to the Manifestation of His Ninety-Nine Names and Attributes and all His other Attributes, because it is said, "Allah's Attributes are as numerous as the breaths of human beings."

It must be known by everyone that securing the breath from heedlessness is difficult for seekers. Therefore they must safeguard it by seeking forgiveness (istighfar) because seeking forgiveness will purify it and sanctify it and prepare the seeker for the Real Manifestation of Allah everywhere.

Watch Your Step ("Nazar bar qadam")
It means that the seeker while walking must keep his eyes on his feet. Wherever he is about to place his feet, his eyes must be there. He is not allowed to send cast his glance here or there, to look right or left or in front of him, because unnecessary sights will veil the heart. Most veils on the heart are created by the pictures which are transmitted from your eyes to your mind during your daily living. These may disturb your heart with turbulence because of the different kinds of desire which have been imprinted on your mind. These images are like veils on the heart. They block the Light of the Divine Presence. This is why Sufi saints don't allow their followers, who have purified their hearts through constant Dhikr, to look at other than their feet. Their hearts are like mirrors, reflecting and receiving every image easily. This might distract them and bring impurities to their hearts. So the seeker is ordered to lower his gaze in order not to be assailed by the arrows of devils.

Lowering the gaze is also a sign of humility; proud and arrogant people never look at their feet. It is also an indication that one is following the footsteps of the Prophet (s), who when he walked never used to look right or left, but used to look only at his feet, moving steadfastly towards his destination. It is also the sign of a high state when the seeker looks nowhere except towards his Lord. Like one who intends to reach a destination quickly, so too the seeker of Allah's Divine Presence is moving quickly, not looking to his right or his left, not looking at the desires of this world, but looking only for the Divine Presence.

Imam ar-Rabbani Ahmad al-Faruqi (q) said in the 295th letter of his Maktubat:

"The gaze precedes the step and the step follows the gaze. The Ascension to the high state is first by the Vision, followed by the Step. When the Step reaches the level of the Ascension of the Gaze, then the Gaze will be lifted up to another state, to which the Step follows in its turn. Then the Gaze will be lifted even higher and the Step will follow in its turn. And so on until the Gaze reaches a state of Perfection to which it will pull the Step. We say, 'When the Step follows the Gaze, the murid has reached the state of Readiness in approaching the Footsteps of the Prophet, peace be upon him. So the Footsteps of the Prophet (s) are considered the Origin of all steps.'"

Shah Naqshband (q) said, "If we look at the mistakes of our friends, we will be left friendless, because no one is perfect."

Journey Homeward ("safar dar watan")
It means to travel to one's homeland. It means that the seeker travels from the world of creation to the world of the Creator. It is related that the Prophet (s) said, "I am going to my Lord from one state to a better state and from one station to a higher station." It is said that the seeker must travel from the Desire for the forbidden to the Desire for the Divine Presence.

The Naqshbandi Sufi Order divides that travel into two categories. The first is external journeying and the second is internal journeying. External travel is to travel from one land to another searching for a perfect guide to take and direct you to your destination. This enables you to move to the second category, the internal journey. Seekers, once they have found a perfect guide, are forbidden to go on another external journey. In the external journey there are many difficulties which beginners cannot endure without falling into forbidden actions, because they are weak in their worship.

The second category is internal journeying. Internal journeying requires the seeker to leave his low manners and move to high manners, to throw out of his heart all worldly desires. He will be lifted from a state of uncleanness to a state of purity. At that time he will no longer be in need of more internal journeying. He will have purified his heart, making it pure like water, transparent like crystal, polished like a mirror, showing the realities of all matters essential for his daily life, without any need for external action on his part. In his heart will appear everything that is needed for his life and for the life of those around him.

Solitude in the Crowd ("khalwat dar anjuman")
"Khalwat" means seclusion. It means to be outwardly with people while remaining inwardly with God. There are also two categories of seclusion. The first is external seclusion and the second is internal seclusion.

External seclusion requires the seeker to seclude himself in a private place that is empty of people. Staying there by himself, he concentrates and meditates on Dhikrullah, the remembrance of God, in order to reach a state in which the Heavenly Realm becomes manifest. When you chain the external senses, your internal senses will be free to reach the Heavenly Realm. This will bring you to the second category: the internal seclusion.

The internal seclusion means seclusion among people. Therein the heart of the seeker must be present with his Lord and absent from the Creations while remaining physically present among them. It is said, "The seeker will be so deeply involved in the silent Dhikr in his heart that, even if he enters a crowd of people, he will not hear their voices. The state of Dhikr overcomes him. The manifestation of the Divine Presence is pulling him and making him unaware of all but his Lord. This is the highest state of seclusion, and is considered the true seclusion, as mentioned in the Holy Qur'an: "Men whom neither business nor profit distract from the recollection of God" [24:37]. This is the way of the Naqshbandi Order.

The primary seclusion of the shaykhs of the Naqshbandi Order is the internal seclusion. They are with their Lord and simultaneously they are with the people. As the Prophet said, "I have two sides: one faces my Creator and one faces creation." Shah Naqshband emphasized the goodness of gatherings when he said: Tariqatuna as-suhbat wa-l-khairu fil-jam`iyyat ("Our Way is Companionship, and Goodness is in the Gathering").

It is said that the believer who can mingle with people and carry their difficulties is better than the believer who keeps away from people. On that delicate point Imam Rabbani said,

"It must be known that the seeker at the beginning might use the external seclusion to isolate himself from people, worshipping and concentrating on Allah, Almighty and Exalted, until he reaches a higher state. At that time he will be advised by his shaikh, in the words of Sayyid al-Kharraz, 'Perfection is not in exhibitions of miraculous powers, but perfection is to sit among people, sell and buy, marry and have children; and yet never leave the presence of Allah even for one moment.'"

Essential Remembrance ("yad kard")
The meaning of 'Yad' is Dhikr. The meaning of 'kard' is the essence of Dhikr. The seeker must make Dhikr by negation and affirmation on his tongue until he reaches the state of the contemplation of his heart (muraqaba). That state will be achieved by reciting every day the negation (LA ILAHA) and affirmation (ILLALLAH) on the tongue, between 5,000 and 10,000 times, removing from his heart the elements that tarnish and rust it. This dhikr polishes the heart and takes the seeker into the state of Manifestation. He must keep that daily dhikr, either by heart or by tongue, repeating ALLAH, the name of God's Essence which encompasses all other names and Attributes, or by negation and affirmation through the saying of LA ILAHA ILLALLAH.

This daily dhikr will bring the seeker into the perfect presence of the One Who is glorified.

The Dhikr by negation and affirmation, in the manner of the Naqshbandi Sufi Masters, demands that the seeker close his eyes, close his mouth, clench his teeth, glue his tongue to the roof of his mouth, and hold his breath. He must recite the dhikr through the heart, by negation and affirmation, beginning with the word LA ("No"). He lifts this "No" from under his navel up to his brain. Upon reaching his brain the word "No" brings out the word ILAHA ("god"), moves from the brain to the left shoulder, and hits the heart with ILLALLAH ("except The God"). When that word hits the heart its energy and heat spreads to all the parts of the body. The seeker who has denied all that exists in this world with the words LA ILAHA, affirms with the words ILLALLAH that all that exists has been annihilated in the Divine Presence.

The seeker repeats this with every breath, inhaling and exhaling, always making it come to the heart, according to the number of times prescribed to him by his shaikh. The seeker will eventually reach the state where in one breath he can repeat LA ILAHA ILLALLAH twenty-three times. A perfect shaikh can repeat LA ILAHA ILLALLAH an infinite number of times in every breath. The meaning of this practice is that the only goal is ALLAH and that there is no other goal for us. To look at the Divine Presence as the Only Existence after all this throws back into the heart of the murid the love of the Prophet (s) and at that time he says, MUHAMMADUN RASULULLAH ("Mu ammad is the Prophet of God") which is the heart of the Divine Presence.

Returning ("baz gasht")
This is a state in which the seeker, who makes Dhikr by negation and affirmation, comes to understand the Holy Prophet's (s) phrase, ilahi anta maqsudi wa ridaka matlubi ("O my God, You are my Goal and Your Good Pleasure is my Aim.") The recitation of this phrase will increase in the seeker the awareness of the Oneness of God, until he reaches the state in which the existence of all creation vanishes from his eyes. All that he sees, wherever he looks, is the Absolute One. The Naqshbandi murids recite this sort of dhikr in order to extract from their hearts the secret of Oneness, and to open themselves to the Reality of the Unique Divine Presence. The beginner has no right to leave this dhikr if he doesn't find its power appearing in his heart. He must keep on reciting it in imitation of his Shaykh, because the Prophet (s) has said, "Whoever imitates a group of people will belong to them." And whoever imitates his teacher will some day find this secret opened to his heart.

The meaning of the phrase "baz gasht" is the return to Allah Exalted and Almighty by showing complete surrender and submission to His Will, and complete humbleness in giving Him all due praise. That is the reason the Holy Prophet mentioned in his invocation, ma dhakarnaka haqqa dhikrika ya Madhkur ("We did not Remember You as You Deserve to be Remembered, O Allah"). The seeker cannot come to the presence of Allah in his dhikr, and cannot manifest the Secrets and Attributes of Allah in his dhikr, if he does not make dhikr with Allah's Support and with Allah's Remembrance of him. As Bayazid said: "When I reached Him I saw that His remembering of me preceded my remembrance of Him." The seeker cannot make dhikr by himself. He must recognise that Allah is the one making Dhikr through him.

Attentiveness ("nigah dasht")
"Nigah" means sight. It means that the seeker must watch his heart and safeguard it by preventing bad thoughts from entering. Bad inclinations keep the heart from joining with the Divine. It is acknowledged in the Naqshbandiyya that for a seeker to safeguard his heart from bad inclinations for fifteen minutes is a great achievement. For this he would be considered a real Sufi. Sufism is the power to safeguard the heart from bad thoughts and protect it from low inclinations. Whoever accomplishes these two goals will know his heart, and whoever knows his heart will know his Lord. The Holy Prophet (s) has said, "Whoever knows himself knows His Lord."

One Sufi shaikh said, "Because I safeguarded my heart for ten nights, my heart has safeguarded me for twenty years."

Abu Bakr al-Qattani said, "I was the guard at the door of my heart for 40 years, and I never opened it for anyone except Allah, Almighty and Exalted, until my heart did not know anyone except Allah Almighty and Exalted."

Abul Hassan al-Kharqani said, "It has been 40 years that Allah has been looking at my heart and has seen no one except Himself. And there is no room in my heart for other than Allah."

Recollection ("yada dasht")
It means that the reciter of Dhikr safeguards his heart with negation and affirmation in every breath without leaving the Presence of Allah Almighty and Exalted. It requires the seeker to keep his heart in Allah's Divine Presence continuously. This allows him to realize and manifest the Light of the Unique Essence (anwar adh-dhat al-Ahadiyya) of God. He then casts away three of the four different forms of thoughts: the egoistic thoughts, the evil thoughts, and the angelic thoughts, keeping and affirming solely the fourth form of thought, the haqqani or truthful thoughts. This will lead the seeker to the highest state of perfection by discarding all his imaginings and embracing only the Reality which is the Oneness of Allah, 'Azza wa Jall.

`Abdul Khaliq al-Ghujdawani had four khalifs. The first was Shaikh Ahmad as-Siddiq, originally from Bukhara. The second was Kabir al-Awliya ("the Greatest of Saints"), Shaikh `Arif Awliya al-Kabir (q). Originally from Bukhara, he was a great scholar in both external and internal Sciences. The third khalif was Shaikh Sulaiman al-Kirmani (q). The fourth khalif was `Arif ar-Riwakri (q). It is to this fourth khalif that Abdul Khaliq (q) passed the Secret of the Golden Chain before he died on the 12th of Rabi`ul-Awwal 575 H.


Awareness of the Heart ("wuquf qalbi")
This means to direct the heart of the seeker towards the Divine Presence, where he will not see other than his Beloved One. It means to experience His Manifestation in all states. Ubaidullah al-Ahrar said, "The state of Awareness of the Heart is the state of being present in the Divine Presence in such a way that you cannot look to anyone other than Him."

In such a state one concentrates the place of Dhikr inside the heart because this is the center of power. All thoughts and inspirations, good and bad, are felt and appear one after another, circling and alternating, moving between light and dark, in constant revolution, inside the heart. Dhikr is required in order to control and reduce that turbulence of the heart.

Friday, January 22, 2010

Divine Love

An old Chaldean Legend

Long, long ago, in the dry land which is now Arabia, a divine being incarnated upon earth to awaken in it the supreme love. As expected it was persecuted by men, misunderstood, suspected, pursued. Mortally wounded by its assilants, it wanted to die quietly in solitude in order to be able to accomplish its work, and being pursued, it ran away. Suddenly, in the vast desert land there appeared a small pomegranate bush. The saviour crept in under the low branches, to leave its body in peace; and immediately the bush spread out miraculously, it grew higher, larger, became deep and thick, so that when the pursuers passed by, they did not even suspect that the One whom they were chasing was hidden there, and they went their way.
While drop by drop the sacred blood fell, fertilising the soil, the bush was covered with marvellous flowers, scarlet, large, crowded with petals... innumerable drops of blood.
These are the flowers which express and contain for us the Divine's Love.


Sweet Mother, has that Chaldean legend which you have written any relation with Kali Puja?

Yes, my child, because on Kali Puja day I always distribute the flowers of "Divine's Love"; for Kali is the most loving of all the aspects of the Mahashakti; here is the most active and most powerful Love. And that is why every year I distribute the petals of "Divine's Love" on Kali's Day. And so naturally this explanation of why these flowers were chosen to express the Divine's Love - it is a sufficient explanation.


Tuesday, January 19, 2010

Illuminati Cash Slush Fund

Illuminati Cash 'Slush Fund'
Estimated At $65 Trillion
Illegal Federal Reserve At Heart Of Problem
As Minnesota Judge Allegedly Poisened In
1969 After Ruling Against Corrupt Banksters

By Greg Szymanski

The Illuminati's cash cow, grazing freely on the world wide pasture of greenbacks, isn't called "Elsie" but instead is called the Global Security Fund, a name actually meaning in the secret cult's language Global Terrorist Fund...more

John Denver-Sunshine On My Shoulders

Sunday, January 10, 2010

Who Are We?Part1


Saturday, January 9, 2010

EThanai Kodi Inbam-Bharathy

SM Subbulakshmi Singing Dhano Dhaanya Pushpe Bhara

M.S Subbulakshmi (born September 16, 1916 at the temple town of Madurai, Tamilnadu, India) was a legendary Carnatic vocalist, usually a domain reserved for men. Born in a family of musicians, both her parents Subramanya Iyer and Veen Vidushi Shanmukavadivu were singers and veena (a plucked instrument) players and her grandmother, Akkammal, was an illustrious violinst.

Known popularly as M.S or M.S.S, she was married to Kalki Sadasivam in 1940. She had no children of her own but raised Radha and Vijaya, Sadasivam’s children from previous marriage, as her own. Both often accompanied M.S with Radha singing and Vijaya playing the Tanpura. M.S stopped giving public performance since the death of Sadasivam 1997. M.S passed away on December 11, 2004 after a brief illness at Chennai in Tamilnadu, India.

Education and Musical Career
At the age of eight, M.S made her maiden public performance at the Mahamaham festival at Kumbakonam. Her first recording was released when she was ten. She learnt Carnatic classic music under Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer and Hindustani classical under Pandit Narayan Rao Vyas. At the age of 17, she began giving concerts by herself including at the prestigious Carnatic music centre, Madras Music Academy. M.S performed at east in different languages as Tamil , Sanskrit, Telugu , Malayalam, Hindi, Bengali , Kannada, Marathi and Gujarati and in a range of musical forms.

Widely traveled performing around the world, her concerts at New York’s Carnegie Hall, the UN General Assembly on UN day in October 1966, London’s famous Royal Albert Hall in 1982 and at the Festival of India in Moscow in 1987 were noteworthy landmarks.

Awards / Achievement
M.S received India's highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna, the first ever for a musician. She was also the recipient of Padma Bhushan in 1954, 'Sangita Kalanidhi' title in 1968 (the first woman recipient), 'Sapthagiri Sangeeta Vidwanmani' title at the Thyagaraja Festival where performed regularly, the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1974), and the Padma Vibhushan (1975).

She was also awarded honorary Doctorates by the Rabindra Bharati University, Delhi University and Sri Venkateswara University. She is credited with being a pioneer to popularize Carnatic music in North India as well as in the West where she performed at prominent venues as the Edinburgh Festival and at the United Nations. She donated most of the prize moneys she received to charity.

Important works
M.S. entry into films was with the Tamil film 'Sevasadanam' in 1938. She played Narada (a male role) in 'Savitri' (1941) for fund raising for her husband’s ‘Kalki’, a nationalist Tamil weekly. With title role as Meera, the Rajasthani saint-poetess in the eponymous film (1945) which was also remade in Hindi (1947) gave her national prominence. M.S sang the famous Meera bhajans, with music by Dilipkumar Roy. She however quit films to wholly concentrate on concert music.

Her famous works include Bhajagovindam (composed by Adi Shankaracharya in praise of Lord Krishna), Suprabhatam (Early Morning Hymns), Vishnu Sahasranamam (1000 names of Lord Vishnu), Kurai Onrum Illai (composed by Rajagopalachari), and Hanuman Chalisa (Prayers to Lord Hanuman). Her song Vaishnava Janato was heart rending bringing tears to anyone who hears it. She rendered her songs with such devotion with flawless tone, pitch and pronunciation.

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Wednesday, January 6, 2010

Naqshbandi And Golden Chain


The Naqshbandi Sufi Way
History and Guidebook of the Saints of the Golden Chain©
by Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani
Also available in Spanish

Prophet Muhammad ibn Abd Allah, Salla Allahu `alayhi wa alihi wa sallam
Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, radiya-l-Lahu`anh
Salman al-Farsi, radiya-l-Lahu`anh
Qassim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr
Jafar as-Sadiq, alayhi-s-salam
Tayfur Abu Yazid al-Bistami, radiya-l-Lahu canh
Abul Hassan Ali al-Kharqani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Abu Ali al-Farmadi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Abu Yaqub Yusuf al-Hamadani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Abul Abbas, al-Khidr, alayhi-s-salam
Abdul Khaliq al-Ghujdawani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Arif ar-Riwakri, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Khwaja Mahmoud al-Anjir al-Faghnawi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Ali ar-Ramitani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Muhammad Baba as-Samasi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
as-Sayyid Amir Kulal, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Muhammad Baha'uddin Shah Naqshband, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Ala'uddin al-Bukhari al-cAttar, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Yaqub al-Charkhi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Ubaydullah al-Ahrar, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Muhammad az-Zahid, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Darwish Muhammad, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Muhammad Khwaja al-Amkanaki, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Muhammad al-Baqi bi-l-Lah, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Ahmad al-Faruqi as-Sirhindi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Muhammad al-Masum, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Muhammad Sayfuddin al-Faruqi al-Mujaddidi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
as-Sayyid Nur Muhammad al-Badawani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Shamsuddin Habib Allah, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Abdullah ad-Dahlawi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Khalid al-Baghdadi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Ismail Muhammad ash-Shirwani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Khas Muhammad Shirwani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Muhammad Effendi al-Yaraghi, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Jamaluddin al-Ghumuqi al-Husayni, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Abu Ahmad as-Sughuri, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Abu Muhammad al-Madani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Sharafuddin ad-Daghestani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Abdullah al-Fa'iz ad-Daghestani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah
Muhammad Nazim Adil al-Haqqani, qaddasa-l-Lahu sirrah

Copyright © 1995 Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani. All rights reserved.
Material taken from the book The Naqshbandi Sufi Way; Published and Distributed by KAZI Publications, Inc.
naqshbandi chain

Seyyed Hossein Nasr-Sufism and the Perennity of the Mystical Quest

Seyyed Hossein Nasr-Sufism and the Perennity of the Mystical Quest